Civil Defense in War and Peace

الدفاع المدني في الحرب والسلم

العصيمي، محمد بن صالح بن مقبل ; Mohammed bin Saleh Al Osaimi (1993)



The civil defence system is considered a device or a country’s method to prepare persons to do an effective role in facing the dangers around them and around their properties, under any circumstances or situations. The importance of civil defence in war and peace comes because its responsibilities and tasks have been increased on the international scale, whereas the world has seen more than 400 wars through 5 decades since the end of the World War II, and those wars had damaged civil categories, that didn’t want to enter the conflict or to participate in it, such as the citizens, which have been victims targeted by military operations. This book discusses number of important topics about civil defence, as it shows the importance of civil defence, its goals and missions, and that is making rescue units, ambulance, fire extinguishing and pollution removal units, and restoring the situation like it was before in the beginning. The researcher also addresses the civil defence in some countries, such as Saudi Arabia, Finland, Germany, Swiss, Sweden, The USA and Israel, clarifying the formations, responsibilities and protection level the civil defence provides in all of the mentioned countries. The discussion also deals with the role of civil defence in case of natural or industrial disasters, how it coordinates and deals with them through shelters and alarms, for the book gives a sufficient definition of “The Shelter” and the protection level in it, its categories, the necessary technical devices that must be available in it, the suitable area to building and making it. In addition to the above about the role of civil defence in war time, and that is in the home front, the book also displays the effects of the weapons and their types, and displays the chemical, germ and psychological wars, and the methods of the civil defence in decreasing their damages on the residential societies.