Compensating Crime Victims in the Islamic legislations

النظام الإسلامي في تعويض المضرور من الجريمة / هلال فرغلي هلال.

هلال، هلال فرغلي ; Hilal Farghali Hilal (1990)

book

Book

The Islamic legislator gave the victim of the crime a great consideration and attention, not only in terms of forcing legal penalties upon the offender, but exceeded to terms of compensation, that the law regulated compensation of damage caused by the crime, and obligated the offender to pay such compensation and considered the non-compliance with such payment as a crime punished by the laws. This book highlights the topic of compensation of crime victims in the Islamic legislations; it starts by discussing the general provisions of for compensating crime victims, such as crimes of assault on persons and property. The book also addresses the Islamic procedural rules in compensating crime victims, where the book reviews the topic of compensation in the time of the Prophet Mohammad – Peace be upon him – until the time of the Four Righteous Caliphs. The book then deals with the topic of state compensation for the victim, explaining the basis of state liability for compensation, scope of compensation, compensation procedures, and sources of compensation funds which included: general taxes, fines and unclaimed properties and funds. In conclusion, the book deals with the application of Islamic legislations to compensate crime victims in Saudi Arabia, where it discusses the judicial system, applicable laws and litigation procedures and state compensation to the victim, it shows that Saudi system is characterized by an essential feature that distinguishes it from other regulations in other countries, showing that the legal courts in Saudi Arabia are the authority of general jurisdiction, so that every dispute either civil or criminal is within its jurisdiction unless it is directed to other authority by a clear legal text.

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